Facts about prisons

-There are approximately 2.3 million people in American prisons, including prisoners in Federal and State prisons, territorial prisons, local jails, facilities operated exclusively for U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), military facilities, jails in Indian county, and youth in juvenile facilities.

-93% of prisoners are male. 7% are female.

-Black males have a 32% chance of serving time in prison at some point in their lives. Hispanic males have a 17% chance. White males have a 6% chance.

-82% of those sentenced to state prisons in 2004 were convicted of non-violent crimes, including 34% for drug offenses and 29% for property offenses.

-Between 1870 and 2001, the Illinois prison population increased more than 500 percent, from 7,326 to 44,348 people. By the end of the calendar year 2000, Illinois had the eight highest prison population in the United States and had an incarceration rate of 271 prisoners per 100,000 residents.

-Nationally, more than 8.3 million children have parents under correctional supervision (either in prison, jail, on probation or parole). One and a half million children have a parent in state or federal prison.

-In 2007, there were approximately 45,000 prisoners and 35,000 parolees in Illinois.

-The Illinois Department of Corrections operates 28 adult prisons, various work camps, boot camps and 8 transitional centers. There are no private prisons in the state.

-68% of people in state prisons did not receive a high school diploma and up to 65 percent of inmates are illiterate.

-In 2007, Illinois spent $118,833,800 on the Dept. of Corrections. Nationally, we spent approximately $49 billion.

Sources: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Urban Institute Report 2003, Illinois Department of Corrections Annual Report, 2007, National Association of State Budgeting Officers, Department of Education


5 Responses to Facts about prisons

  1. Marty says:

    Very interesting info: “93% of prisoners are male. 7% are female.”

    I feel like if women really want to be treated equal in politics and business, they should bring this statistic up.

  2. Sammie says:

    Wow, really amazing the kind of statistics. I never actually really payed attention to what happens with prisoners.

    Not surprised there are more male members, not surprised at all.

  3. Larisa says:

    That’s a lot of money the nation spends every year!

    The fact:
    “68% of people in state prisons did not receive a high school diploma and up to 65 percent of inmates are illiterate.”
    Does this indicate a correlation of a lack in education to violence?

  4. M says:

    I too enjoy statistical information.

  5. Christopher says:

    Wow, these are eye opening statistics! We spend a lot of money on prisons!

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